Status: August 2010
Liberalisation of energy markets has been ongoing during the last decade. However, it has not been quite as dominant as in some other countries, and it has been easier to maintain or introduce issues that are seen as ‘outside’ the market paradigm. The decentralised structure of the electricity supply industry with a large number of municipal companies has been partly maintained, thus supporting energy efficiency measures and intermediaries at the local level. Germany has an ambitious 40 per cent GHG reduction target for 2020, and is striving to double its energy productivity. For more information, see [link 1]
Several agencies deliver energy efficiency and demand side management (DSM) priorities. The German Federal Energy Agency (Deutsche Energieagentur, ‘dena’) assists local authorities through a range of initiatives, such as information campaigns, assistance and advice; offers several platforms of exchange for experts, intermediaries and lay people (websites, conferences, regional events); and runs an initiative on efficiency for companies, ‘Initiative EnergieEffizienz’ which offers first-hand information on successful projects [link 2]. The nationally funded education and information campaign, ‘Klima sucht Schutz’, addresses CO2 reduction through a bundle of measures – e.g. an online tool advising people to reduce their energy consumption [link 3]. A sub-campaign called ‘Klimaschutz in Schulen und Bildungseinrichtungen’ (‘Climate protection in schools and educational institutions’) deals with, e.g., energy management in schools and energy behaviour of schoolchildren [link 4]. The Ministry of Economics and Technology (BMWi) and the KfW bank have established a Special Fund for Energy Efficiency in SMEs to tackle both informational and cost barriers [link 5].