Country Profile: Hungary

budapest.jpgStatus: August 2010

The Hungarian energy mix is highly dependent on energy imports, particularly from Russia. The share of renewable sources remains below the EU-27 average and energy consumption and CO2 emissions per capita are low. Three objectives are to be met in the field of energy policy. These relate to strengthening competitiveness, increasing security supply and promoting sustainable development. For further information [link 1].

In Hungary energy efficiency activities are supported by several institutions and agencies. The Ministry of Environment and Water, in particular its Climate Change and Energy Department, has an overall responsibility for climate change issues. The Hungarian Energy Office (Magyar Energia Hivatal) is the primary institution which deals with energy issues. The Energy Center (Energia Kozpont), a national energy agency under the Ministry of Transport, Telecommunications and Energy, supervises energy efficiency and renewable energy programmes and is responsible for managing subsidies and loans [link 2]. The Energy Club (Energia Klub) is the most influential civil society organization working on energy efficiency, renewables and climate change issues [link 3]. Funding is through various mechanisms including The Energy-Saving Credit Fund, in operation since 1991 [link 3]. PHARE Co-financed Energy-Efficiency Credit Construction provides financial assistance for energy efficiency investments. The Environment and Energy Operational Programme supports energy-savings investments in public institutions, local governments, SMEs, district heating companies, churches, and civil organisations [link 4].