Background knowledge: Behavioural change

IEA Demand Side Management Programme


The IEA Demand-Side Management Programme is an international collaboration of 20 countries working together to develop and promote opportunities for demand-side management (DSM). Topics: instruments, evaluation, etc.


Changing Energy Behaviour: Guidelines for Behavioural Change Programmes

B. Dahlbom, H. Greer, C. Egmond, R. Jonkers

Guidelines developed by the BEHAVE project.


Expanding and evaluating motives for environmentally responsible behavior

Raymond De Young

There is a need to expand the range of motives available to practitioners and to provide a framework within which motives can be evaluated for both immediate and long-term effectiveness. The article then examines a strategy for promoting environmentally responsible behavior that has significant potential.


Affecting consumer behaviour on energy demand

Mari Martiskainen

This report provides a review of the literature on household energy consuming behaviours and how those behaviours can best be influenced with the goal of reducing energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions.


Marginal costs and co-benefits of energy efficiency investments. The case of the Swiss residential sector

Martin Jakob

The paper shows, for the first time, co-benefits and cost dynamics of energy efficiency investments, of which decision makers in the real estate sector, politics and administrations are scarcely aware.


Promoting Energy Efficiency Investments - Case Studies in the Residential Sector


Promoting Energy Efficiency Investments aims to inform policy makers and offers ideas on the most effective policies, programmes and measures available to improve energy efficiency in existing residential buildings.


Breaking habits: Linking sustainable consumption campaigns to sensitive life events

Martina Schaefer, Sebastian Bamberg

After summarising the present state of the art concerning the role of life events for behavioral change and recent experience with communication measures in the field of sustainable consumption, the present paper introduces the conceptual background and design of the project 'Life events as windows of opportunity for sustainable consumption'.


Changing Things - Moving People: Strategies for Promoting Sustainable Development at the Local Level

Ruth Kaufmann-Hayoz, Heinz Gutscher (Eds.)

The comprehensive and analytical description of these approaches and the related instruments presented in this book extend environmental policy thinking by in-depth treatment of tools for communication and diffusion, collaborative agreements, as well as service and infrastructure instruments. The different types of approaches and instruments are described in detail from an actor-oriented perspective.


Intelligent Metering

Research project financed under the Intelligent Energy Europe programme

'Energy Savings from Intelligent Metering and Behavioural Change'



Research project database by the European Commission

A major objective of ManagEnergy is to share intelligence between local and regional energy agencies in different parts of Europe and to replicate projects that have demonstrated positive results in energy efficiency, sustainability and environmental impact.


Voluntary Household Travel Behaviour Change - Theory and Practice

Elisabeth Ampt

This paper describes and approach where the sociological principles of behaviour change in all areas is combined to develop a new approach to travel behaviour change offering people mulitple tools, based on their key values.


Deliverable 5: Interaction Schemes for Successful Energy Demand Side Management.

S. Breukers, E. Heiskanen, R.M. Mourik, D. Bauknecht, M.Hodson, Y. Barabanova, B. Brohmann, V. Bürger, C.F.J. Feenstra, M. Jalas, M. Johnson, P. Maier, S. Marvin, H. Meinel, J. Pariag, M. Rask, S. Rinne, S. Robinson, M. Saastamoinen, J. Salminen, I. Valuntiené, E. Vadovics

D5 presents the comprehensive body of knowledge from theoretical inquiry into relevant social scientific literature; an in depth meta- analysis of 27 energy demand-side management case studies and workshops with external practitioners from various European countries. Particular attention is awarded to the importance of interactions between intermediary practitioners and end users. 

  • On theories of behavioural change, see chapter 3
  • On instruments for behavioural change, see chapter 4